BiogeomorphologySea Stack

(or ecogeomorphology) is the study of the two way interplay between organisms and geomorphology. Geomorphologists are primarily interested in the evolution and erosion of landforms across the globe including iconic geodiversity features such as coral reefs and sea stacks.

Biogeomorphologists study how organisms shape the landscape and landforms and how their activity is mediated by other geomorphological processes.

Biogeomorphological organisms can:

Some species are mainly protective but sometimes cause deterioration (e.g. ivy) and the relationships between organisms and geomorphology are often complex.

The work of biogeomorphological speciesbarnacles

is also called ecosystem engineering as plants, animals and microorganisms are directly or indirectly involved in sculpting the physical habitat of other organisms. For example, tiny, microscopic organisms (microns) have been found to drill into rock surfaces making them retain water for longer and increasing surface roughness. This then provides a wetter, rougher surface which makes it easier for animals such as barnacles to colonise and survive in the intertidal zone.

Biogeomorphology research is often applied to help solve real-world problems including saltmarsh and mangrove restoration; coastal structure designs; river restoration and building management and heritage conservation. Researchers often advise conservation and environment agencies on management issues where it is helpful to ‘work with natural processes.’

This website

is designed to be a portal for UK research on biogeomorphology. The site is organised into three core environments:


In each environment, there are links to current or recently completed research projects, which provide detailed examples of biogeomorphology research. If you have a biogeomorphology research project that you’d like to have linked to the site, please get in touch.