Examples of bioprotection can be found across a range of environments, terrestrial, fluvial and marine, from arid to cold climates, and involving a great diversity of organisms. Below are other known projects examining bioprotection. If you have other examples please contact us.
Coastal Defences and Biodiversity
The previous project undertaken by the University of Exeter and University of Plymouth (funded by the Environment Agency and Great Western Research) that led to the development of the current project. The research examined interactions between early colonising organisms (microorganisms and barnacles) and different material types and textures used in coastal engineering.
Ivy Bioprotection on Walls
A research project undertaken by the University of Oxford and funded by English Heritage investigating the bioprotective and biodeteriorative roles of ivy canopies on historic stone buildings in the UK.
Bioconstruction by Annelid Worms
Work being done on the bioconstructions of gregarious marine annelid worms, which form large intertidal colonies and build reefs up to several kilometres in length. These worms trap sediment and provide habitat for numerous other species, increasing diversity and the abundance and the heterogeneity of the sediment. This work is examining the biosedimentary process, and the functional value of worm bioconstructions.
Vegetation and Dune Building and Erosion
Feedbacks between vegetation and aeolian sediment transport helps to shape semi-arid and coastal sand rich environments into parabolic and nebkha dunes. This current work focuses on measuring these interactions using terrestrial laser scanning, and modelling the medium and long-term implications of these interactions and their response to changing climatic forcing.
Stabilisation of Stream Sediments by Caddis Fly Larvae
Hydropscychid caddisfly larvae occur in high densities in rivers and spin silk to construct filter nets, retreats, safety lines and pupal cases. This work found that gravels colonised by caddisfly required shear stresses 35% greater to mobilise than uncolonised gravels. This stabilising effect was greater than that of purely physical processes, such as surface structuring and the deposition of fines.