The research component of the project has now been completed. As well as academic outputs, the success of the research has led to follow-on funding for a new project examining the bioprotective roles of organisms growing on coastal rocks and structures. Guidance on the ecological enhancement of hard coastal structures has also been produced for the Environment Agency in collaboration with Treweek Environmental Consultants. The full guidance can be downloaded here. Guidance on ecological enhancement in ports and harbours has also been produced as part of a further Knowledge Transfer Partnership with Portland Port. See our news page for more information.
Links to documents
- Information sheet
- Update 1 – Feb 09
- Update 2 – May 10
- Update 3 - Sept 10
- Update 4 - May 2011
- Update 5 - Aug 2011: Details of our new follow-on project
- Summary of Project Findings (pdf 1.3MB)
- Coombes, M.A., Feal-Pérez, A., Naylor, L.A., Wilhelm, K., 2013. A non-destructive tool for detecting changes in the hardness of engineering materials: Application of the Equotip durometer in the coastal zone. Engineering Geology 167, 14-19. DOI
- Naylor LA, Coombes MA, Venn O, Roast S, Thompson RC. 2012. Facilitating Ecological Enhancement of Coastal Infrastructure: The Role of Policy, People and Planning. Environmental Science and Policy, 22, 36-46. DOI
- Moura D, Gabriel S, Gamito S, Santos R, Zugasti E, Naylor LA, Gomes A, Tavares AM, Martins AL. 2012. Integrated assessment of bioerosion, biocover and downwearing rates of carbonate rock shore platforms in southern Portugal. Continental Shelf Research, 38, 79-88. DOI
- Naylor LA, Coombes MA, Viles HA. 2012. Reconceptualising the role of organisms in the erosion of rock coasts: a new model. Geomorphology, 157-158, 17-30. DOI
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A. (2012): Rock warming and drying under simulated intertidal conditions, Part II: Weathering and biological influences on evaporative cooling and near-surface micro-climatic conditions as an example of biogeomorphic ecosystem engineering. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 37(1), p100-118. DOI.10.1002/esp.2232.
- Coombes, M.A. (2011): Rock warming and drying under simulated intertidal conditions, Part I: Experimental procedures and comparisons with field data. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 36(15), p2114-2121. DOI: 10.1002/esp.2230.
- Naylor, L.A., Venn, O., Coombes, M.A., Jackson, J. Thompson, R.C. (2011): Including Ecological Enhancements in the Planning, Design and Construction of Hard Coastal Structures: A process guide. For the Environment Agency.
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A, Thompson, R.C., Roast, S.D., Gomez-Pujol, L., Fairhurst, R.J. (2010): Colonisation and weathering of marine engineering materials by microorganisms: an SEM study. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 36(5), 582-593.
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A. and Viles, H.A. (2013). Getting into the groove: enhancing barnacle colonisation on concrete. British Society for Geomorphology Annual Conference, Royal Holloway University, Sept. 9-11.
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A. and Viles, H.A. (2012) Biological influences on internal stone temperatures: laboratory procedures and preliminary results for intertidal barnacles. Proceedings of the 12th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Columbia University, New York, USA, Oct. 22-26. (POSTER).
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A., Jackson, J., Thompson, R.C., Venn, O., Viles, H.A., Dunsford, D., Skinner, A. and Rahman, A. (2012) Ecological Enhancement in Practice: Operational examples, outcomes and the potential benefits of organisms on maritime structures. Annual Conference of the International Navigation Association (PIANC), London, Oct. 19 2012. (PRESENTATION).
- Naylor, L.A., Coombes, M.A., Viles, H.A. (2011): Reconceptualising the role of organisms in the erosion of rock coasts: A new model. Invited Paper, 42nd Annual Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium, Mobile, Alabama.
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A., Feal-Perez, A. (2010): Rapid changes in the physical properties of rock and concrete during intertidal exposure: implications for weathering and engineering durability. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU Conference, Vienna.
- Coombes, M.A. (2009): “Barnacles, Biofilms and Biodiversity: ecological responses to material choice in coastal defence design”. International Association of Geomorphologists 2009 International Conference, Melbourne, Australia. (John Thornes award for best session poster).
- Coombes, M.A., Naylor, L.A., Roast, S., Thompson, R.C. (2009): “Coastal Defences and Biodiversity: the influence of material choice and small-scale surface texture on biological outcomes.” Coasts, Marine Structures and Breakwaters 2009. Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers Conference 2009, Edinburgh, UK.
- Coombes, M.A. (2009): “Rock thermal properties and water loss under simulated intertidal conditions: experimental approaches and ecological implications”. International Association of Geomorphologists 2009 International Conference, Melbourne, Australia.
- Thompson, R.C., Moore, P.J., Martins, G.M., Sheehan, E.V., Coombes, M.A., Moschella, P.S. and Hawkins, S.J. (2009): "Making space for nature in marine engineering". International Temperate Reef Symposium, Adelaide.